Even on a normal battlefield, attacks and fighting mechanism differ from one scenario to the next. Hackers as well have their unique way of attacking their target victims and fulfill their malicious goals. Different attacks have varying effects, and some may crash the entire system while others will siphon your private data. At times, others will hijack the communication and thus exposes your dealings to third parties. The following are the most common types of cyber-attacks in the modern world.
This attack is the most common and easiest to execute on different computers. Some of the most common forms of malware are pop-ups posing as free antiviruses or even winning coupons. If you click on such links, then your computer becomes vulnerable to hackers. The most recent form of malware is the ransomware. WannaCry is the latest attack and experts describe it as the greatest attack on the internet world. According to the source page, the attackers leveraged on Windows OS vulnerability and crippled more than 200,000 machines within few hours. Ransomware attacks usually encrypt your data and demands payment within a given period failure to which they delete or leak it to the general public.
Attackers on this approach use emails to siphon crucial data from unsuspecting end users. The attacker poses as a genuine vendor or client and prompt users to enter personal information on their links. The hacker can pose as a government agency, local bank or even hospital and it will be difficult for an individual to differentiate a genuine request from a fake one. The links usually take the user to a dummy site where the hacker can siphon the information. You can use several tools that sieves spam emails from genuine ones.
Hackers can use software to steal your passwords or other crucial information. People nowadays have many accounts and thus use one or two passwords for several sites to make them easily memorable. If the attacker gets one username and password combination, he/she can try to access other websites using the same. It is advisable to use strong passwords and two-way authentication when accessing websites.
Other common attacks are the denial of services where attackers send a high volume of data and overload the network. Different cyber-attacks require different approaches when it comes to containing and neutralizing the effects. You should keep your systems up-to-date and avoid opening suspicious files.